The focal is probably the biggest contributor to the look of your final image. But what exactly is focal it, and how does it affect your photos?

In simple terms, the focal length of a lens determines how much of a scene you can fit into your frame (think of it like how many degrees in an angle you can see with your lens). This measurement is expressed in millimeters and can greatly impact the perspective and composition of your photos. 

Shot on a 23mm lens

Different focal lengths are used for different purposes, depending on what type of photo you are trying to capture. Shorter focal lengths, such as 24mm and 35mm, are commonly used for wide-angle shots, such as landscapes or architecture. These lenses have a wider field of view, allowing you to capture more of the scene in a single frame.

Shot on a 50mm lens

Medium focal lengths, such as 50mm, are often referred to as "normal" lenses, as they are closest to the perspective of the human eye. These lenses are great for portrait photography, as they produce a natural-looking image with minimal distortion.

Shot on a 150mm lens

Longer focal lengths, such as 100mm and above, are known as telephoto lenses. These lenses have a narrower field of view and are often used for sports, wildlife, and other types of photography where you need to get close to your subject from a distance. They can also be used for portrait photography, as they produce a flattering compression effect that can make your subject stand out from the background.

It's important to note that the aperture of your lens can also greatly impact your photos, as it affects the depth of field and amount of light that enters the camera. But when it comes to choosing the right lens for your shot, understanding the basics of focal length is a great place to start.

In conclusion, different focal lengths serve different purposes in photography. Shorter focal lengths are great for wide-angle shots, while medium focal lengths are ideal for portrait photography. Longer focal lengths are useful for telephoto shots where you need to get close to your subject from a distance. Understanding focal length can help you choose the right lens for your shot and take your photography to the next level.

Happy shooting!

--Matthew Rygh